Top Gems at Auction - 2014
11. An 89.23-carat Pear-Shaped Diamond – $11,085,000

10. A 70.33-carat Cushion Brilliant-Cut Diamond – $14,201,234

9. A 75.97-carat Pear-Shaped D Colour, Flawless Diamond – $14,474,732

8. Pair of Fancy Vivid Blue & Fancy Vivid Pink Diamond Earrings, by Bvlgari – $15,820,731
7. The Graff Fancy Vivid Yellow diamond weighs 100.09 carats and is graded VS2 clarity. It set a new world auction record for a yellow diamond.– $16,347,848

6. The Blue Belle of Asia – $17,295,796. At 392.52 carats, the Ceylon sapphire is the fourth largest faceted sapphire in history and set a new world auction record for any sapphire.

5. A Belle Époque Diamond Devant-de-Corsage Brooch, by Cartier – $17,581,612

4. An 8.41-carat Fancy Vivid Purple-Pink Diamond – $17,778,247

3. The Winston Blue – 13.22-carats - $23,795,372
2. The Hutton-Mdivani Jadeite Necklace – $27,441,026. The Hutton-Mdivani Necklace set a new world auction record for any jadeite jewelry and a new world auction record for a Cartier jewel.

1. The Zoe Diamond – $32,645,000 ($3,348,205 per carat) The Zoe diamond set a new world auction record for any blue diamond and a new world auction record for price-per-carat for any diamond.

Top Gems of 2015/2016
A 100.20-carat ‘Perfect Diamond’ led the sales at Sotheby’s in New York in April, 2015. The classic Type II a, emerald-cut, internally flawless, D colour stone sold for $22.1 million – the highest price ever achieved for a colourless diamond auctioned in New York.

In May 2015, Sotheby’s in Geneva sold an 8.72-carat GIA-graded Fancy Vivid Pink diamond for $15.9 million. The cushion-cut VS2 diamond was linked to Princess Mathilde Bonaparte, niece of Napolean Bonaparte.
Joseph Lau bought a Fancy Vivid Pink diamond weighing 16.08 carats for $28.5 million at Christie’s in Geneva in November, 2015. He named it ‘The Sweet Josephine’

A flawless 12.03-carat Fancy Vivid Blue diamond was sold at Sotheby’s in Geneva on November 19, 2015, for $48.4m. The cushion-shaped diamond, was bought by the same Hong Kong bidder who bought ‘The Sweet Josephine’ a day earlier. He named it ‘The Blue Moon of Josephine’. The diamond set a world record for any jewel at more than $4m a carat.
The De Beers Millennium Jewel 4 sold for $32 million to an Asian private buyer at Sotheby’s in Hong Kong, in April of 2016. The 10.10-carat oval-shaped Vivid Blue diamond which is internally flawless was part of the Millennium Jewels collection that was unveiled by De Beers in 2000.

The largest Fancy Vivid Blue diamond ever offered at auction sold for a record $57.5 million on May 18, 2016. The ‘Oppenheimer Blue’, a 14.62-carat rectangular-shaped gem, was auctioned at Christie’s in Geneva. The stone with VVS1 clarity is set in a platinum ring, flanked on either side by a trapeze-shaped diamond.
The ‘Unique Pink’ became the most expensive Fancy Vivid Pink diamond ever to sell at auction in May 2016. Sotheby’s in Geneva sold the pear-shaped 15.38-carat Fancy Vivid Pink diamond for $31.6 million.

A 5.03-carat green diamond, named the ‘Aurora Green’, set two world auction records for a green diamond on May 31, 2016 when it sold for $16.8 million at Christie’s Hong Kong Magnificent Jewels sale. The rectangular-cut Fancy Vivid Green diamond has VS2 clarity.

Jewels of HM Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain
On September 9, 2015 Queen Elizabeth II became Britain's longest serving monarch and overtook the record of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria.

Queen Elizabeth II officially reached the landmark 63 years and 217 days after her father King George VI died.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the constitutional monarch of sixteen realms of the 53-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is also the head of the Commonwealth, and the Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

Upon her accession on February 6 1952, Elizabeth became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. Her coronation the following year was the first to be televised.

H.M. Queen Elizabeth II upon her Coronation in 1953. She holds the Sovereign's Orb, the Sceptre with the Cross and wears the Imperial State Crown.
The Flower Basket Brooch

A present to Princess Elizabeth from King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to mark the birth of her first child and their first grandchild, Prince Charles on 14 November 1948. It is reported to be her favorite.
Pink and blue sapphire, diamond and ruby brooch made by Cartier. Given to Princess Elizabeth by her parents King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1945.

King George VI Sapphire and Diamond Suite. Purchased by King George VI from Carrington & Co and given to Princess Elizabeth as a wedding present in 1947.

The necklace originally consisted of eighteen emerald-cut sapphires in diamond clusters. In 1952 it was shortened by four stones, the largest of which was converted into a pendant to the necklace in 1959.
The emerald and diamond encrusted Godman Necklace was a gift by the two elderly Godman sisters to her majesty the Queen.

The two sisters who remained unmarried and were spinsters inherited the necklace from their father Frederick Du Cann, a British naturalist, who purchased the necklace whilst on a holiday in Bavaria in the 1890s
Aquamarine Clips.

An eighteenth birthday present to Princess Elizabeth from her parents King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1944. The clips are a personal favorite and seen frequently on the queen.
Williamson diamond broach. The central diamond of 23.6 carats is one of the finest pinks known. It was excavated from a mine in Tanganyika (Tanzania) belonging to the Canadian geologist Dr John Williamson, who gave it as a wedding present to Princess Elizabeth in 1947.
Brazilian Aquamarine Suite. The earrings and matching necklace were a Coronation gift to The Queen from the President and People of Brazil in 1953. A bracelet and matching brooch were presented to The Queen by the Brazilian Government in 1958 as a matching addition to the original gift.

On June 20, 2014, Her Majesty wore one-of-a-kind brooch designed by Canadian jeweller, Hillberg & Berk to the Royal Ascot racecourse. The contemporary floral design is set in 18K white gold and features Madagascar tourmaline, a white freshwater pearl and 300 diamonds.

The brooch was presented to The Queen in October 2013 and first worn while attending Sunday service on February 2, 2014.
Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten proposed to Princess Elizabeth with a 3 carat diamond solitaire ring flanked on each side by 5 smaller diamonds, set in platinum. The diamonds were taken from a tiara owned by Philip’s mother, Princess Alice.
The Coronation Necklace and diamond drop earrings were worn at the coronations of Queen Alexandra in 1901, Queen Mary in 1911, Queen Elizabeth in 1937 and Her Majesty The Queen in 1953. The earrings were made by R. & S. Garrard & Co. in 1858 for Queen Victoria.
The George IV State Diadem. Made by Rundell, Bridge & Rundell in 1820, the diadem features a set of 4 crosses pattée alternating with 4 bouquets of roses, thistles, and shamrocks. The motifs are set on a band of diamond scrollwork between two bands of pearls.
The Queen wears it to and from each State Opening of Parliament and for official portraits. That combination has made it one of the most recognizable symbols of her reign; it adorns stamps, money, and more official images around the world.
The Girls of Great Britain & Ireland Tiara. The tiara was one of the future Queen Mary’s wedding presents in 1893. A committee of "Girls of Great Britain & Ireland" chaired by Lady Eve Greville raised over £5,000 and purchased the tiara from Garrard.

The tiara seems to be the Queen's favorite - she's said to call it "Granny's tiara"

Cullinan I (530.2 carats) and Cullinan II (317.4 carats)
Cullinan III and Cullinan IV

Cullinan V

Cullinan VI and Cullinan VIII
Treasures of the Maharaja: The Al-Thani Collection
The House of Thani (Arabic: آل ثاني Al Thani‎) is the ruling family of Qatar.

About 60 jeweled objects from the private collection formed by Sheikh Hamad bin Abdullah Al-Thani provides a glimpse into the evolving styles of the jeweled arts in India from the Mughal period until the early 20th century in the exhibition “Treasures from India: Jewels from the Al-Thani Collection,”
Ceremonial Sword, circa 1880-1900, from South India, Hyderabad, made of a steel blade and gold hilt inlaid with diamonds, rubies and emeralds

Jade dagger (kard) dating from 1620-50 with a watered steel blade and jade hilt inlaid with gold, rubies and emeralds.

Rosewater Sprinkler (gulabpash), circa 17th century (base) and late 18th century (neck), with inlaid rubies, emeralds and pearls

A brooch featuring a carved emerald bordered by calibré-cut emerald and sapphire in a stylized platinum setting by Cartier, circa 1920

Necklace (kanthi), circa 1850-75, made of gold set with diamonds and emeralds.

Turban Ornament (jigha) of the Maharaja of Nawanagar, circa 1907 and remodeled in 1935. White gold, set with diamonds, with modern feather plume.

An Aigrette Turban Ornament designed by Paul Iribe and made by Robert Linzeler, circa 1910. Platinum, set with a carved emerald, sapphires, diamonds and pearls.

“Star of Golconda” Diamond Brooch by Cartier, 2013. Platinum, set with diamonds.

The Patiala Ruby Choker by Cartier, circa 1931, restored and restrung to the original design by Cartier Tradition, Geneva, 2012. Rubies, diamonds and pearls with platinum mounts.

Turban Ornament (Sarpesh), 1825–75, North India, Jaipur. Gold, set with diamonds; enamel on reverse.

A gold finial inlaid with diamonds, rubies and emeralds from the throne of Tipu Sultan. circa 1790.

A 19th-century punch dagger with rubies, emeralds and diamonds.

A 19th-century dagger with a hilt shaped like a yali, or mythical beast.

Turban ornament (jigha). North India, Mughal, 1675-1750. Gold, set with spinel, diamonds, and rubies, with hanging emeralds

Flask, 1650–1700, North India. Rock crystal, inlaid with gold wire, rubies, and emeralds, with gold collar, stopper, and foot.

Turban ornament (sarpesh). South India, probably Hyderabad, ca. 1900. Gold, set with emeralds and diamonds.

Turban Ornament (jigha), 1775–1825, South India. Gold, set with rubies, diamonds, emeralds.

Shoulder Brooch by Cartier, circa 1924.

Jeweled Crown, ca. 1900, Nepal. Pearls, colored glass, diamonds, emeralds, and rubies, with gold brocade ribs and bird of paradise plumes.

Brooch with Carved Emeralds and Diamonds by Cartier, circa 1925, modified by Cartier in 1927. Platinum, set with emeralds, diamonds and enamel.

Turban Ornament or Brooch, ca. 1935, probably France. Platinum, set with rubies and diamonds.

Brooch by JAR, 2002. Gold, set with emerald, diamonds, rubies, rock crystal and white agate.
Van Cleef & Arpels
Van Cleef & Arpels is a French jewelry, watch, and perfume company.
It was founded in 1896 by Alfred Van Cleef and his brother-in-law Salomon Arpels. Van Cleef & Arpels are known for their expertise in precious stones and for a gem-setting procedure known as the Mystery Setting.

The Mystery Setting is a proprietary mounting technique for gems. There are no visible prongs; instead the individual stones are hand grooved to fit into a mesh of gold or platinum wire. This type of setting was perfected by Van Cleef & Arpels in the 1930s.
Since its inception, Van Cleef & Arpels has been synonymous with royalty, the famous and the affluent, providing the elite with exceptional and unique pieces of jewellery.

Rainbow of Africa Collection

A 65.72 carat Tsavorite Garnet
An array of stones will draw enthusiasts to the sale being held by Heritage Auctions in New York. The collection was started by Morton Taylor in the late 1950s.
Pink Spinel from Morogoro Region, Tanzania

A 51.07 carat Cuprian Tourmaline from Mozambique est. $70,000

283 carat Scapolite

41.76 carat Mandarin Garnet from Namibia est. $50,000

293 carat Cuprite.

Color Change Blue Spinel - 14.33 carats, Tanzania.

Morganite - 114.39 carats, Mozambique.

Iolite - 15.12 carats, Madagascar

Red Spinel - 15.87 carats, Tanzania.
Tanzanite - 35.66 carats. Rubellite Tourmaline - 29.44 carats, Zambia

Aquamarine - 26.47 carats, Zambia

Spessartine Garnet - 12.04 carats, Nigeria

Morganite - 73.59 carats, Mozambique.
Smithsonian Gemstones

The Blue Heart Diamond was donated by Mrs. Marjorie Merriweather Post in 1964.

Platinum bracelet with 31 antique-cut Burmese rubies totaling 60 carats.

The DeYoung pink diamond

The Chalk Emerald ranks among the world’s finest Colombian emeralds. The 37.8-carat emerald exhibits the prized velvety deep green colour.

The 98.57-carat Bismarck Sapphire is mounted in a platinum necklace designed by Cartier, Inc., set with 312 baguette and round brilliant cut diamonds and accented with 8 square-cut sapphires.

Ring features an emerald-cut diamond of 5.32cts with a step-cut blue sapphire of 8.12cts.

Heart-shaped brooch has a 96-carat amethyst surrounded by diamonds.

The Hall Sapphire Necklace, designed by Harry Winston, Inc., features 36 cushion-cut sapphires from Sri Lanka, totaling 195 carats, set in platinum accented by 435 pear-shaped and round brilliant-cut diamonds, totaling 83.75 carats.

These two large, pear-shaped diamonds weigh 14.25 and 20.34 carats respectively are set in earrings that belonged to Marie Antoinette, the Queen of France who was guillotined in 1793 during the French Revolution.

Elbaite candelabra (Tourmaline family)

Liddicoatite with a zoned green and pink interior from Antsirabe, Madagascar

Beryl with Quartz - Blue beryl crystal on microcline.

Pear-cut ametrine from Brazil

Uncut diamond crystal from Arkansas

Calcite with Pyrite - From Brush Creek mine, Reynolds County, Missouri.

The 58.19-carat Maharani Cat’s Eye from Sri Lanka is one of the finest gems of its kind

Octagonal-cut amethyst

A round brilliant-cut citrine.

Clinohumite is a magnesium silicate

Orthoclase belongs to the feldspar family.