Thursday, 5 March 2020

The Czech Crown Jewels

The Czech Crown Jewels (Bohemian Crown Jewels) include the Crown of Saint Wenceslas, the royal orb and sceptre, the coronation vestments of the Kings of Bohemia, the gold reliquary cross, and St. Wenceslas' sword. They were originally held in Prague and Karlštejn Castle. The Crown Jewels are permanently kept in Prague Castle and are rarely displayed. In the twentieth century there were nine such moments; the last time was in 1998 to mark the 80th anniversary of the establishment of an independent Czechoslovak Republic.
Since 1791 they have been stored in St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle.
In 2000 Wenceslas’ skull was placed on a red velvet pillow by the Archbishop of Prague to commemorate the declaration of September 28 as a public holiday.
The Duke of Bohemia (c. 907 – September 28, 935), or Wenceslas I, was the duke of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935, purportedly in a plot by his own brother, Boleslav the Cruel.

His martyrdom, and the popularity of biographies, quickly gave rise to a reputation for heroic goodness, resulting in his being elevated to sainthood, posthumously declared king, and seen as the patron saint of the Czech state. Wenceslas the martyr was canonized soon after his death, due to several miracles that were said to have occurred.