Saturday, 24 August 2019

Ancient Turquoise

Mask of Xiutecuhlti, god of fire
Turquoise is believed to have been discovered in northeastern Persia around 4000 B.C. Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminium. It is rare and valuable in fine grades and has been prized as a gemstone and ornamental stone for thousands of years. Turquoise was among the first gems to be mined.

Aztec turquiose
Turquoise has adorned the rulers of Ancient Egypt, the Aztecs, Persia, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and in ancient China since at least the Shang Dynasty. In many cultures turquoise was a holy stone, a bringer of good fortune or a talisman to ward off misfortune.