Wednesday, 10 February 2016

Classical Greece Statues

Visitors to Greece can trace the “fingerprints” of human history from the Paleolithic Era to the Roman Period in the archaeological sites and museums throughout the country.

The first traces of human habitation in Greece appeared during the Paleolithic Age (120000 - 10000 B.C.) During the Neolithic Age that followed ( 7000 - 3000 B.C.) a plethora of Neolithic buildings spread throughout the country. The beginning of the Bronze Age (3000-1100 B.C.) is marked by the appearance of the first urban centers in the Aegean.

Flourishing settlements were found on Crete, Mainland Greece, the Cyclades and the Aegean.
The Artemision Bronze (God from the Sea) is an ancient Greek sculpture that was recovered from the sea off Cape Artemision, in northern Euboea.

It represents either Zeus or Poseidon, is slightly over lifesize, and would have held either a thunderbolt, if Zeus, or a trident if Poseidon.

The Charioteer of Delphi, also known as Heniokhos (Greek: the rein-holder), is one of the best-known statues surviving from Ancient Greece, and is considered one of the finest examples of ancient bronze statues. The life-size (1.8m) statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

Caryatids from Erechtheion. A caryatid is a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar. The Greek term karyatides literally means "maidens of Karyai", an ancient town of Peloponnese.

The best-known and most-copied examples are those of the six figures of the Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheion on the Acropolis at Athens.
The statue of Laocoön and His Sons was excavated in Rome in 1506 and placed on public display in the Vatican. The marble figures are near life-size and the group is a little over 2m (6 ft 7 in) in height, showing the Trojan priest Laocoön and his sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus being attacked by sea serpents.
The Discobolus of Myron ("discus thrower") is a Greek sculpture that was completed toward the end of the Severe period, circa 460–450 BC.

The original Greek bronze is lost but the work is known through numerous Roman copies, both full-scale ones in marble and smaller scaled versions in bronze.