Saturday, 28 November 2015
Friday, 27 November 2015
Tutankhamun: gold mask made for Nefertiti?
|This is the second time this year Reeves has shaken up the archaeological community. In October, he studied ultra high-resolution images and believed he found clues in the walls of Tutankhamun's burial chamber of having been painted over with scenes depicting the young Pharaoh’s life, as well as hidden doors that may lead to the discovery of Nefertiti's final resting place.|
Tutankhamun was made a pharaoh when he was nine years old and died at 18. His step-mother, Nefertiti, was the wife of Egypt's most controversial pharaoh, Akhenaten. Nefertiti is widely regarded as the most beautiful woman of ancient Egypt, but the cause of her death and final resting place remains a mystery.
Saturday, 21 November 2015
|Two guns once owned by Bonnie and Clyde sold for over half a million dollars. Clyde Barrow's 1911 Colt .45-caliber automatic sold for $240,000.|
Bonnie Parker's .38-caliber Detective Special that she had taped to her thigh when she was killed in a hail of gunfire in 1934 sold for $264,000 to the same bidder.
|An online bidder paid $130,000 for a .45-caliber Tommy gun and $80,000 for an 1897 12-gauge shotgun that were seized from one of the duo's hideouts in Missouri in 1933.|
Lawmen seized the weapons on April 13, 1933 after a bloody raid on an apartment in Joplin where the Barrow Gang were holed up. Two lawmen were killed while the gang escaped.
|Al Capone’s Colt .25 semi-automatic pistol sold for over $ 16,000 in 2012.|
His Colt .38 revolver sold for over $100,000 at a Christie's 2011 auction in London.
|John Dillinger's derringer, a miniature pistol that was found in the outlaw's sock when he was arrested in 1934 sold for $45,000.|
The wooden gun Dillinger famously used to escape from the Crown Point, Indiana jail sold for $ 19,000.
|Wyatt Earp's Colt .45-caliber revolver. $ 225,000. The revolver was passed down by the Earp family and is likely the one Wyatt used in the most legendary gunfight in wild west history, the O.K. Corral shootout — which became legend.|
Labels: Infamous Guns
Wednesday, 18 November 2015
Sotheby's unveils first ever Star Wars collectibles auction
|Sotheby’s, for nearly three centuries the auction house for the world’s most expensive art, finest wines and priciest jewels, will next month offer something just as rare: an action figure of Luke Skywalker with double-telescoping lightsaber.|
More than 600 action figures are being sold, including the Skywalker double-telescoping, which was quickly withdrawn from general sale because the potentially child-choking lightsaber snapped off too easily. One of only 20 confirmed examples, it comes with an estimate of $12,000-$18,000
Other rarities include a tri-logo action figure of General Madine. The figure is one of 12 known examples and comes with an estimate of $10,000-$15,000.
Jabba the Hutt Cookie Jar
Wednesday, 11 November 2015
Chemical Warfare is Ancient History
|Simon James, a researcher at the University of Leicester in the U.K. claimed in 2009 to have found the first physical evidence of chemical weapons, dating from a battle fought in A.D. 256 at the ancient Roman fortress of Dura-Europos.|
James concluded that 20 Roman soldiers unearthed beneath the town's ramparts did not die of war wounds, but from poison gas.
|War in antiquity rarely matched the heroism of myth. To stave off a Roman siege in A.D. 189, the defenders of the Greek city of Ambracia built a complex flamethrower that coughed out smoking chicken feathers.|
At Themiscrya, another stubborn Greek outpost, Romans tunneling beneath the city contended with not only a charge of wild beasts but also a barrage of hives swarming with bees.
|Roman armies routinely poisoned the wells of cities they were besieging. According to the historian Plutarch, the Roman general Sertorius in 80 B.C. had his troops pile mounds of gypsum powder by the hillside hideaways of Spanish rebels. When kicked up by a strong northerly wind, the dust became a severe irritant, smoking the insurgents out of their caves.|
In 332 B.C., the citizens of the doomed port of Tyre catapulted basins of burning sand at Alexander the Great's army.
|Greek fire was an incendiary weapon developed c. 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Byzantine formula was a closely guarded state secret. |
The composition of Greek fire remains a matter of speculation with proposals including combinations of pine resin, naphtha, quicklime, calcium phosphide, and sulfur.
Byzantine use of incendiary mixtures used pressurized nozzles or siphōn to project the liquid onto the enemy.
|Poisoned arrows appear in classical literature. The epics of Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey both insinuate the use of the poisoned arrows in the Trojan War. The myths of Hercules also allude to the use of poisoned arrows; after he slew the Hydra he dipped his arrowheads in the venom. |
Scythians were famed for their poisoned arrows; the poison was a concoction of decomposed poisonous snakes and human blood incubated in a manure heap. One of the terms that the Greeks used to describe this poison was toxikon, which stemmed from toxon meaning a bow. Our modern word toxicology clearly derives from this poison.
|Even in antiquity, some feared the lurking consequences of unleashing what we call chemical weapons. The ancient Greek tale of Pandora's box offers a metaphor for their use. Pandora's box is an artifact in Greek mythology which contained all the evils of the world.|
The phrase "to open Pandora's box" means to perform an action that may seem small, but that turns out to have severely detrimental and far-reaching consequences.
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